The tz database has been adjusted to show Dornod and Sühbaatar provinces in the UTC+8 time zone. Previously they were shown in UTC+9.
FIPS 10-4 Change Notice 12, dated 2007-06-11, has changed the spelling of the names of two provinces: Darhan Uul to Darhan-Uul, and Govi-Sumber to Govisumber. (Actually, the i's should have a breve accent, which I haven't bothered to reproduce.)
Ganbold writes that the Mongolian parliament has canceled daylight saving time for 2007.
I found some new details for the change history in The People's Republic of Mongolia by A. J. K. Sanders: London, Oxford University Press, 1968.
Hans Wittebol mentioned that Mongolia would like to move its capital to Kharkhorin (also spelled Harhorin, Karakorum, etc.). The earliest date by which this could be done is 2020. Karakorum was the capital of the Mongol Empire at its height under Genghis Khan and Kublai Khan.
David Wong sent me a document from the website of the National Statistical Office of Mongolia, showing the official population figures from the 2000 census. I have entered them in the main table in place of the population estimates which were there before.
Change Notice 8 to FIPS PUB 10-4 is dated 2002-06-28. It deletes Darhan and Erdenet cities and adds Darhan Uul, Govi-Sumber, and Orhon provinces. I would have expected FIPS to describe this as a change of name from Darhan to Darhan Uul and from Erdenet to Orhon, without changing the status or FIPS code for either one; and since I understand that Govisumber was split from Dornogovi, I would have expected the FIPS code for Dornogovi to change. Either FIPS has deviated from its standard policies for codes, or my "Change history" section below has mistakes. In any case, the new FIPS codes are shown below; the names are already correct in the table.
I wrote in "Administrative Subdivisions of Countries" that new provinces named Govi-Sumber and Orhon had been reported, but not confirmed. Since then, Govisumber has been confirmed; Orhon turns out to be a new name for Erdenet.
|Language||Halh Mongol (mn)|
|Time zone||(see table)|
Mongolia in 1900 was under Chinese rule. At that time Mongolia included what is now Tuva republic of Russia (known for a while as Tannu Tuva) and parts of several Chinese provinces. It gained independence from China by stages, losing Inner Mongolia and Tannu Tuva in the process. During this period, it was sometimes called Outer Mongolia, to help distinguish it from Inner Mongolia. Mongolia became independent from China on 1921-07-11.
from ethnic name Mongol, said to mean brave
Mongolia is divided into eighteen aymguud (provinces; sing. aimag or aymag) and four hotuud (municipalities; sing. hot).
|Dornod||p||8||75,373||123,600||47,720||Choybalsan (Bayan Tumen)|
|Hovd||p||7||86,831||76,100||29,380||Dund-Us (Hovd, Jirgalanta)|
|Ulaanbaatar||m||8||760,077||4,700||1,810||Ulaanbaatar (Ulan Bator)|
Mongolia uses six-digit postal codes. The first two digits indicate a town or provincial center; the next two indicate a district.
See the Soums of Mongolia page.
The provinces are subdivided into soums (or sooms or sums), translated sub-provinces, districts, or counties. The municipalities are divided into districts. At the lowest level of administration, Mongolia is subdivided into bags (rural) and horoos (urban). There are currently 342 soums and 1681 bags and horoos.
|Arhangay||60,300||66,700||55,000||Tsetserlig (Tselserlik) [Tsetserleg]|
|Bayanhongor||42,100||46,000||116,000||Bayan Hongor [Bayanhongor]|
|Bayan-Ölgiy||38,800||44,600||46,000||Ölögey (Ulegei) [Ölgiy]|
|Dornogovi||23,400||26,100||111,000||Sayn Shanda (Sain-Shand) [Saynshand]|
|Dzavhan||55,100||61,000||82,000||Jibhalanta (Ulyassutai) [Uliastay]|
|Hentiy||34,800||37,500||82,000||Öndör Haan (Undur-Khan) [Öndörhaan]|
|Hovd||42,300||48,000||76,000||Jirgalanta (Hobdo) [Hovd]|
|Ömnögovi||20,200||21,900||165,000||Dalan Dzadagad [Dalandzadgad]|
|Övörhangay||49,900||54,700||63,000||Arbay Heere (Arbai Khere) [Arvayheer]|
|Selenge||35,000||43,000||Sühe Baator [Sühbaatar]|
|Sühbaatar||30,700||34,100||82,000||Barun-Urt [Baruun urt]|
|Töv||82,000||53,800||81,000||Dzun-modo [Dzuun mod]|
MG05when they were assigned.
MG22at that time.
There are many ways to transliterate from Mongolian. The same letter in Mongolia's modified Cyrillic alphabet may be transliterated 'kh' or 'h', and similarly for other letters. This list shows some that have appeared in print.
|Back to main statoids page||Last updated: 2011-06-20|
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