Steven Verbanck sent me a link to the new Constitution of Nepal. It reorganizes the country from five development regions into seven provinces. The constitution calls them simply Province No. 1 to Province No. 7. Clive Carpenter sent me a link to source , which shows "proposed" provinces and names. The former districts have been preserved; however, two districts, Nawalparasi and Rukum, are now split between two provinces.
ISO 3166-2 Newsletter number II-1, dated 2010-02-03, has changes to the listing for Nepal, but nothing that affects data reported on this site. The only change is adding the prefix NP- explicitly to each development region code.
A bill passed by the interim legislature-parliament on 2007-12-28 declared Nepal a democratic federal republic, effective as of 2008-05-28. The monarchy has been abolished. This affects the official name of the country, which has been updated in ISO 3166-1 by Newsletter VI-3, published on 2008-09-09.
In "Administrative Subdivisions of Countries", I showed aanchal (zones) as the primary subdivisions. The zones could be grouped together to form five vikas kshetra (development regions). I added, "recent publications of the Central Bureau of Statistics of Nepal list development region and district names, but not zone names. The zones are probably less significant than the districts." Source , a profile of Nepal on a government website, doesn't even mention the zones, and I believe they're no longer in use.
Nepal has been independent during the entire 20th century.
Nepal is divided into seven provinces.
Note: Populations and areas calculated by adding the component districts. For the two districts that are split between provinces (Rukum and Nawalparasi), I arbitrarily assigned half of their data to each of those provinces.
Nepal uses five-digit postal codes. The first digit represents a region; the first three digits represent a district. The codes are rarely used.
See the Districts of Nepal page.
Nepal also divides itself into ecological regions called Mountain, Hill, and Tarai. These are east-west strips. Mountain, in the north, includes the highest elevations. The southernmost strip is Tarai, with the lowest elevations. Most of the provinces contain part of each section. Exceptions: Two is all in Tarai, Five is all in Hill and Tarai, Six is all in Hill and Mountain.
The provinces are subdivided into districts, which are further subdivided into villages.
The UN LOCODE page for Nepal lists locations in the country, some of them with their latitudes and longitudes, some with their ISO 3166-2 codes for their subdivisions. This information can be put together to approximate the territorial extent of subdivisions.
Dhawalagiri: Nepalese dhaval: white, giri: mountain
In the 1950s, Nepal consisted of 34 districts.
|Banke and Bardia||150,000||800|
|Bara, Parsa, and Rautahat||514,556||1,388|
|Chitwan and Nawalpur||150,000||1,000|
|Dailekh and Surkhet||300,000||1,200|
|Dang and Deokhuri||150,000||1,100|
|East No. 1 Chautara||370,000||1,493|
|East No. 2 Ramechhap||250,447||1,291|
|East No. 3 Okhaldhunga||275,503||2,037|
|East No. 4 Bhojpur||238,533||926|
|Jumla and Humla||160,000||5,000|
|Kailali and Kanchanpur||100,000||1,400|
|Khajhani and Syuraj||150,000||500|
|Mahottari and Sarlahi||700,000||1,200|
|Sallyan and Jajarkot||450,000||3,000|
|Saptari and Siraha||431,599||912|
|West No. 1 Nuwakot||400,000||2,200|
|West No. 2 Gorkha||200,000||1,100|
|West No. 3 Pokhara||450,000||2,500|
|West No. 4 Pallo Nauwakot||400,000||1,500|
1962-02: Nepal reorganized into the following 14 zones.
|Narayani||1,871,334||8,313||Hetauda (Bhimphedi), Birgunj|
~1995: Zones fell into disuse, so the already existing five vikas kshetra (development regions) effectively became the primary subdivisions.
In some transcriptions from Nepali, long vowels are marked, but not always consistently.
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