Sorin Cosoveanu sent me a link to source , which has (as it turns out) preliminary 2012 census data, and then source , which has the final results. I replaced the former with the latter in the table below.
Clipperton Island has been placed directly under the administration of the French Overseas Ministry. Technically, it is now a public domain of the French state (domaine public de l'État français, propriété domaniale de l’Etat). As such, it is part of France, but not part of any other subdivision of France. Since it has no permanent inhabitants, I have exercised my editorial prerogatives by listing it here, and not as part of France itself.
Paraskevas Renesis writes that the status of French Polynesia was changed from territoire d'outre-mer (overseas territory) to pays d'outre-mer (overseas country) by Law 2004-192 of 2004-02-27, signed by the president on 2004-03-01. Source  gives the date 2003-12-18. At source , the U.M.P. Party specifies the more precise title "pays d'outre-mer au sein de la République" (overseas country in the bosom of the Republic), and says that the assembly passed the measure on 2004-01-15. The French Yahoo! News says that Parliament passed the measure on 2004-01-29. I suppose that each of the dates represents a different stage in the process, and that the effective date is the latest one, 2004-03-01. The effect of this change is to give French Polynesia an additional degree of autonomy.
Sources disagree about the capital of Tuamotu and Gambier Islands. The book "Administrative Subdivisions of Countries" said that the capital was Rangiroa, on Rangiroa Island, in the Tuamotu group. Many sources say that it's Rikitea, on Mangareva Island, although some of them refer to Rikitea as the capital of only the Gambier Islands. The most official source I could find was INSEE (source ), which says that the provisional administrative seat of Tuamotu and Gambier Islands is Papeete, the capital of French Polynesia.
The primary divisions of French Polynesia used to be known as circonscriptions. In recent documents, they are called subdivisions administratives. It may be that the new status was created by a change in the basic law which took place on 1999-03-19. On the same occasion, the status of the secondary divisions was supposedly changed from communes to circonscriptions territoriales.
The results of the census of French Polynesia, taken on 1996-09-03, have been published. They are shown in the table below.
Errata: In the main table for French Polynesia on page 136, two digits were transposed in the population of Marquesas Islands. The correct figure should be 7,358. This makes the total 1988 population of French Polynesia come to 188,814. (My source also had the digits transposed.)
The postal codes for French Polynesia have the form F-987xx, an extension of the French system. (The book contained a typo in the code.)
|Short name||FRENCH POLYNESIA|
|Languages||French (fr), Tahitian|
|Time zone||-10 (see note)|
Formed in 1903 under the name French Establishments in Oceania (Établissements français de l'Océanie), by uniting several French colonies. In 1946, its status changed to overseas territory. In 1957, it was renamed French Polynesia.
Time zone note: the Marquesas Islands are in the -9:30 time zone; the Gambier Islands, -9. However, the majority of the Tuamotu and Gambier Islands subdivision is in the -10 time zone.
Descriptive: French possessions in Polynesia. Polynesia comes from the Greek words for "many islands".
French Polynesia is divided into five subdivisions administratives (administrative subdivisions) and Clipperton Island.
|Leeward Islands||34,581||430||166||Uturoa, Raiatea|
|Marquesas Islands||9,261||997||385||Taiohae, Nuku Hiva|
|Tuamotu and Gambier Islands||16,831||877||339||Papeete, Tahiti|
|Tubuai Islands||6,820||142||55||Mataura, Tubuai|
|Windward Islands||200,714||1,196||462||Papeete, Tahiti|
See the Communes of French Polynesia page.
French Polynesia is subdivided into 48 communes.
IP). The GENC standard also lists it as a country, with codes
CPT. ISO 3166-2 now lists it as part of France, with the code
FR-CP. Clipperton is over 3,000 km. from the nearest part of French Polynesia, and over 11,000 km. from European France.
The UN LOCODE page for French Polynesia lists locations in the country, some of them with their latitudes and longitudes, some with their ISO 3166-2 codes for their subdivisions. This information can be put together to approximate the territorial extent of subdivisions.
|Tuamotu and Gambier Islands||7,000||8,226||9,052||11,793||15,370||18,317||16,831|
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