Gérard Lang informs me that an arrêté (order), dated 2007-02-23 and published on 2007-03-15, created a district of the French Southern Territories named "district des îles Éparses de l'océan Indien" (district of the Scattered Islands of the Indian Ocean). Its seat of government is the same as the territory's.
On 2005-01-03, administration of the Îles Éparses was transferred from Reunion to French Southern Territories.
The official French Southern Territories website includes the following comments, which I have translated from French:
"Although it permanently holds around 200 people who stay from six months to one year, it has no indigenous population. Therefore, it has neither voters nor elected officials nor territorial assembly nor territorial government. The head administrator is both the representative of the state [France] and the executive of the territorial collectivity. He or she is represented in each of the four administrative circumscriptions by a district chief....
"This is also the only overseas territory whose administrative seat, originally sited in Paris, was transferred to an overseas department (Reunion, by a decree of 1996-03-14), and more precisely to the commune of Saint-Pierre by an order of 1997-02-27.
"France exercises its sovereignty over this territory in two different contexts:
"1. In the Southern Lands (Crozet, Kerguelen, Saint-Paul, and Amsterdam), this sovereignty has never been questioned by any country. Even though it is not threatened, it must be fully supported, both by permanent bases and by surveillance of its huge economic zone within the 200-mile limit.
"2. In Antarctica, French sovereignty over Adélie Land is exercised under the international treaty of Washington (1959), which froze all territorial claims and affirmed freedom of scientific research throughout the continent. This sovereignty must therefore be compatible with the requirements of the treaty..."
Because of the Antarctic treaty, I have assigned Adélie Land to Antarctica for purposes of classification. These are
the four districts of French Southern and Antarctic Territories. The INSEE code for all of the French Southern and
Antarctic Territories is
98404. Postal codes are apparently not used.
|Short name||FRENCH SOUTHERN TERRITORIES|
On 1955-08-06, several island dependencies of Madagascar in the Indian Ocean, along with the French Antarctic claim of Adélie Land, were united to form an overseas territory of France, called French Southern and Antarctic Lands.
French Southern Territories is divided into five districts.
|Amsterdam and Saint-Paul||+5||30||61||24||Martin-de-Viviès|
|Bassas da India||~0|
|Juan de Nova Island||4|
The UN LOCODE page for French Southern Lands lists locations in the country, some of them with their latitudes and longitudes, some with their ISO 3166-2 codes for their subdivisions. This information can be put together to approximate the territorial extent of subdivisions.
2005-01-03: Administration of Îles Éparses transferred from Reunion to French Southern Territories.
2007-03-15: Status of Îles Éparses changed from private domain of the state to district.
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