ISO 3166-2 Newsletter number I-4, dated 2002-12-10, adds one division, Toshkent city. Its ISO code is
If this new division is valid, it was probably created by splitting it from Toshkent region.
ISO 3166-2 Newsletter number I-2 was published on 2002-05-21. It says that Uzbekistan officially adopted a Roman alphabet
in 1995-05. The only change to the standard is the use of the new alphabet. Wherever the former transliteration of a
division name had 'gh', it's been replaced by 'g`' (using a left apostrophe) in the new name; 'kh' has been consistently
replaced by 'x'. For example, Khorazm is now spelled Xorazm. ISO has also changed the code for Xorazm from
Change Notice 7 to FIPS PUB 10-4 is dated 2002-01-10. The codes for two regions in Uzbekistan have changed. Jizzakh will
UZ15 henceforth, and Sirdaryo will be
UZ16. Usually a change of this sort means that there has
been a transfer of territory from one division to the other. Jizzakh and Sirdaryo are neighbors, so such a transfer is
possible, but I have no information about the nature or extent of it.
In 1900, the area which is now Uzbekistan was partly contained in Imperial Russia, the remainder being under Russian protection. The Emirate of Bukhara and the Khanate of Khiva had been protectorates since 1868 and 1873 respectively. The part that was in Russia proper was contained in the general government of Turkestan. Turkestan was divided into oblasts (regions), and the part that became Uzbekistan lay mainly in the Syr-Daria, Ferghana, and Transcaspian oblasts. In the years following the Russian Revolution, all of Turkestan joined the Soviet Union. Uzbekistan appeared on the map in 1924. When the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, it became an independent country.
land of the Uzbeks, from Turkish uz: free, bek: completely
Uzbekistan is divided into twelve wiloyatlar (sing. wiloyat: regions), one respublikasi (autonomous republic), and one shahar (autonomous city).
Uzbekistan appears still to be using Soviet-era postal codes, six-digit numbers always beginning with '7'.
See the Districts of Uzbekistan page.
Farg`ona includes five exclaves within Batken province of Kyrgyzstan. The largest is around Sokh; the next-largest contains Iordan and Shakhimardan; and the other three are negligibly small.
The UN LOCODE page for Uzbekistan lists locations in the country, some of them with their latitudes and longitudes, some with their ISO 3166-2 codes for their subdivisions. This information can be put together to approximate the territorial extent of subdivisions.
A.S.S.R. = Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic; S.S.R. = Soviet Socialist Republic. An S.S.R. was a constituent republic, or first-level division of the Soviet Union.
UZ.TO). This change needs confirmation.
Before the dissolution of the Soviet Union, western sources normally used transliterations from Russian rather than indigenous names. There are various methods for transliterating from the Cyrillic to the Roman alphabet. The most common variant uses h instead of kh, c for ts, j for consonantal y, č for ch, š for sh, and ž for zh.
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