I have added data from the 2011 census, and replaced the 1970 figures under Population history, which were rounded, with exact numbers from source .
Two NUTS codes were changed around 2010, leaving a gap in the
ISO 3166-2 Newsletter Number I-9 was published on 2007-11-28. The 14 regions are still listed in the standard, but the districts are now regarded as the primary subdivisions.
ISO 3166-2 Newsletter number I-5, dated 2003-09-05, shows a change in spelling for two Czech regions. In "Hlavní mesto Praha", the second word should be "město"; and Vysocina should be Vysočina.
Change Notice 8 to FIPS PUB 10-4 is dated 2002-06-28. It changes the names of four regions so that they now match the names used by ISO (see next paragraph). Since FIPS describes this as a name change rather than variant names, I have switched the main names in the table with the variant names in the list below, and identified the variant names as obsolete.
ISO 3166-2 Newsletter Number I-2 was published on 2002-05-21. It lists the fourteen new regions, with ISO codes as shown below. ISO uses variant names for some of the regions. It includes a spelling error (Vyocina for Vysočina), which is partly corrected in ISO 3166-2 Newsletter Number I-3, published on 2002-08-20, and completely corrected in Newsletter No. I-5, published on 2003-09-05.
Change Notice 6 to FIPS PUB 10-4 was published on 2001-01-28. It shows the reorganization into 14 regions.
|Short name||CZECH REPUBLIC|
|Time zone||+1 ~|
The Czech Republic is the latest manifestation of Bohemia and Moravia. Those two ethnic and political groupings, along with Slovakia and Ruthenia, have been combined in various ways in the past. Under the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Bohemia, Moravia, and Silesia were provinces of Austria, and covered almost exactly the same territory as the modern Czech Republic. (Bohemia is most closely identified with the Czech people. Austrian Silesia is only a fraction of the area known as Silesia, the bulk of which is now in Poland.) At the end of World War I, shortly before the Armistice, the Czechs organized a new government for the three Austrian provinces. The Slovaks, meanwhile, were doing the same thing in northern Hungary. At the initiative of the Slovaks, the two infant states merged to form Czechoslovakia on 1918-11-14. The Treaty of Saint-Germain (1919-09-10) ratified this fait accompli. The western fringe of Bohemia, known as the Sudetenland, still contained a German-speaking majority. Hitler seized on that pretext to annex the Sudetenland by the Munich Pact of 1938-09-30. Germany, Hungary, and Poland nibbled away at the rest of the country in a series of moves not recognized by the Allies. At the end of World War II, Czechoslovakia was reconstituted almost as it had been before 1938. The Soviet Union annexed Transcarpathian Ukraine, also known as Ruthenia, at the eastern end. A small area east of Ostrava was transferred from Poland to Moravia, splitting in two the city known as Cieszyn in Polish, Těšín in Czech, and Teschen in German. Czechoslovakia's constitution of 1948-06-09 made it a "people's democratic republic," whose primary divisions were two socialist republics: the Czech and the Slovak Socialist Republic. This status prevailed until after the fall of communism. Then, on 1993-01-01, the two republics became separate countries. What had been the second-level subdivisions of Czechoslovakia were now first-level subdivisions of the Czech Republic and of Slovakia.
The Czech Republic is divided into thirteen kraje (sing. kraj: regions) and one hlavní město (city).
|Region||HASC||ISO||FIPS||NUTS||LP||Pop-2011||Pop-2001||Area(km.˛)||Area(mi.˛)||Chief town||Other Name||Old regs|
|Ústecký||808,961||820,219||5,335||2,060||Ústí nad Labem||Aussig (an der Elbe)|
See the Districts of the Czech Republic page.
Prague is subdivided into obvodi (10 in 1978, 15 in 2000). The regions are subdivided into 77 okresi (districts). Before 2001, FIPS PUB 10-4 lists the okresi and Prague as divisions.
The NUTS level-2 nomenclature, derived by taking the first four characters of the NUTS codes in the table above, defines an unofficial set of districts (called "oblasti" in Czech). These are their names: CZ01 = Praha (Prague), CZ02 = Střední Čechy (Central Bohemia), CZ03 = Jihozápad (Southwest), CZ04 = Severozápad (Northwest), CZ05 = Severovýchod (Northeast), CZ06 = Jihovýchod (Southeast), CZ07 = Střední Morava (Central Moravia), and CZ08 = Moravskoslezsko (Moravia-Silesia).
The UN LOCODE page for Czech Republic lists locations in the country, some of them with their latitudes and longitudes, some with their ISO 3166-2 codes for their subdivisions. This information can be put together to approximate the territorial extent of subdivisions.
|Region||Population||Area(km.˛)||German name||Modern region|
|České Budějovice||521,894||8,968||Budweis||South Bohemia|
|Hradec Králové||583,868||5,145||Königgrätz||East Bohemia|
|Karlovy Vary||337,890||4,579||Karlsbad||West Bohemia|
|Ústí nad Labem||675,907||4,145||Aussig||North Bohemia|
|East Bohemia||1,239,726||11,240||4,340||Hradec Králové||50xxx-57xxx|
|North Bohemia||1,190,442||7,819||3,019||Ústí nad Labem||40xxx-47xxx|
|South Bohemia||699,564||11,345||4,380||České Budějovice||37xxx-39xxx|
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